3 Nov : When dog travelled to space…


Dog is man’s best friend. Most of us agree on this. So was a dog named Laika. A Russian cosmonaut dog, who travelled to space today in 1957.

laika_soviet_dogLaika became the first animal in space, and the first animal to orbit the Earth.

Laika, Russian cosmonaut dog, 1957. Laika was the first animal to orbit the Earth, travelling on board the Sputnik 2 spacraft launched on 3 November 1957. The Soviet space programme used dogs and other animals in order to ascertain the viability of later (Photo by Fine Art Images/Heritage Images/Getty Images)

Laika was a stray dog from the streets of Moscow. He was selected to be the occupant of the Soviet spacecraft Sputnik 2 that was launched today into outer space.

The step was taken to ensure the impact of spaceflight in living creatures. At the time of Laika’s mission, the technology to de-orbit had not been developed. Thus, Laika’s survival was not expected. Laika died within hours from overheating. 

A small monument in her honour was unveiled on April 11, 2008.
laika-monument-unveiled-on-the-eve-of-cosmonauts-day-2008
#Hindi 
1957 में आज के दिन सोवियत संघ का अंतरिक्ष यान Sputnik 2 एक कुत्ते को लेकर अंतरिक्ष में गया था। इस कुत्ते का नाम था लाइका। अंतरिक्ष यात्रा करने वाला ये पहला जानवर था। हालांकि लॉन्च के कुछ ही घंटों के बाद लाइका की मौत हो गई थी। लेकिन मानव इतिहास में इस दिन का खास महत्व है क्योंकि यहीं से इंसान को अंतरिक्ष में भेजने की कोशिशें शुरु हुई थीं।