26 Oct : How Jammu and Kashmir became a part of India ?

Every now and then we come to know about the ongoing crisis in Jammu and Kashmir. Although its official that Jammu and Kashmir are integral part of India, there has been a tussle between India and neighbouring country Pakistan over its ownership.
The dispute continues since a referendum was conducted after independence, to determine status of Jammu and Kashmir. India claims that the accession is unconditional and final while Pakistan maintains that the accession is fraudulent. 

Today in 1947, the Instrument of Accession was signed and executed by Maharaja Hari Singh, ruler of the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir.

“Instrument of Accession” is a legal document first introduced by the Government of India Act 1935 and used in 1947 to enable each of the rulers of the princely states under British paramountcy to join one of the new dominions of India or Pakistan created by the Partition of British India. By executing this document under the provisions of the Indian Independence Act 1947, Maharaja Hari Singh agreed to accede to the Dominion of India .

#Hindi
1947 में आज Instrument of Accession नामक कानूनी दस्तावेज़ पर हस्ताक्षर के बाद जम्मू कश्मीर के महाराजा हरि सिंह ने जम्मू कश्मीर की रियासत को भारत में जोड़ने पर सहमति जताई थी। इस दस्तावेज़ की मदद से उस समय भारत और पाकिस्तान के बीच रियासतों का बंटवारा हो रहा था। जम्मू-कश्मीर भारत के हिस्से आया था लेकिन पाकिस्तान आज भी इस बात को मानने से इनकार करता है। लिहाज़ा जम्मू-कश्मीर से हिंसा की ख़बरें आए दिन आती रहती हैं।